PostgreSQL TID及tuple slot

MySQL源码分析
yzs87

1)postgresql默认存储的是堆表,数据按行存储在heap page中。行记录除了存储字段的值外还会存储对应的ctid即行号,表示在哪个页第几个记录。

2)进行select的时候也可以直接指定ctid进行扫描:heap handler中表访问方法的函数为table_tuple_fetch_row_version函数,它来完成通过ctid获取元组。

postgres=# select *from t where ctid='(0,2)';
   id1 | id2 
-----+-----
   2 | b
(1 row)

3)根据ctid扫描的堆栈为

Breakpoint 4, table_tuple_fetch_row_version (rel=0xae9da164, tid=0xbfb2d4c6, snapshot=0x8c06364, slot=0x8c4b7f4) at ../../../src/include/access/tableam.h:1026
1026    return rel->rd_tableam->tuple_fetch_row_version(rel, tid, snapshot, slot);
(gdb) s
heapam_fetch_row_version (relation=0xae9da164, tid=0xbfb2d4c6, snapshot=0x8c06364, slot=0x8c4b7f4) at heapam_handler.c:190
190    BufferHeapTupleTableSlot *bslot = (BufferHeapTupleTableSlot *) slot;
(gdb) bt
#0  heapam_fetch_row_version (relation=0xae9da164, tid=0xbfb2d4c6, snapshot=0x8c06364, slot=0x8c4b7f4) at heapam_handler.c:190
#1  0x082f7e08 in table_tuple_fetch_row_version (rel=0xae9da164, tid=0xbfb2d4c6, snapshot=0x8c06364, slot=0x8c4b7f4) at ../../../src/include/access/tableam.h:1026
#2  0x082f86ee in TidNext (node=0x8c4b67c) at nodeTidscan.c:386
#3  0x082cbb1a in ExecScanFetch (node=0x8c4b67c, accessMtd=0x82f85bc <TidNext>, recheckMtd=0x82f8751 <TidRecheck>) at execScan.c:133
#4  0x082cbb70 in ExecScan (node=0x8c4b67c, accessMtd=0x82f85bc <TidNext>, recheckMtd=0x82f8751 <TidRecheck>) at execScan.c:183
#5  0x082f8784 in ExecTidScan (pstate=0x8c4b67c) at nodeTidscan.c:443
#6  0x082c9d5f in ExecProcNodeFirst (node=0x8c4b67c) at execProcnode.c:445
#7  0x082c10ef in ExecProcNode (node=0x8c4b67c) at ../../../src/include/executor/executor.h:239
#8  0x082c319f in ExecutePlan (estate=0x8c4b554, planstate=0x8c4b67c, use_parallel_mode=false, operation=CMD_SELECT, sendTuples=true, numberTuples=0, direction=ForwardScanDirection, 
    dest=0x8b941dc, execute_once=true) at execMain.c:1646
#9  0x082c1574 in standard_ExecutorRun (queryDesc=0x8bb3e34, direction=ForwardScanDirection, count=0, execute_once=true) at execMain.c:364
#10 0x082c1411 in ExecutorRun (queryDesc=0x8bb3e34, direction=ForwardScanDirection, count=0, execute_once=true) at execMain.c:308
#11 0x0846d38b in PortalRunSelect (portal=0x8bde6f4, forward=true, count=0, dest=0x8b941dc) at pquery.c:929
#12 0x0846d0b0 in PortalRun (portal=0x8bde6f4, count=2147483647, isTopLevel=true, run_once=true, dest=0x8b941dc, altdest=0x8b941dc, completionTag=0xbfb2d886 "") at pquery.c:770
#13 0x0846772a in exec_simple_query (query_string=0x8b922e4 "select *from t where ctid='(0,2)';") at postgres.c:1215
#14 0x0846b7e4 in PostgresMain (argc=1, argv=0x8bb7fec, dbname=0x8b8f824 "postgres", username=0x8bb7f14 "pg") at postgres.c:4236
#15 0x083db09d in BackendRun (port=0x8bb49b8) at postmaster.c:4431
#16 0x083da896 in BackendStartup (port=0x8bb49b8) at postmaster.c:4122
#17 0x083d6dff in ServerLoop () at postmaster.c:1704
#18 0x083d674d in PostmasterMain (argc=1, argv=0x8b8d808) at postmaster.c:1377
#19 0x0831d0f4 in main (argc=1, argv=0x8b8d808) at main.c:228

4)而postgres=# set enable_tidscan=off;将这个参数关闭后,就不能通过TID快速进行行扫描了,会走全表扫描,即通过heap handler表方法方法heap_getnextslot函数获取元组。

Breakpoint 1, heap_getnextslot (sscan=0x8c4c21c, direction=ForwardScanDirection, slot=0x8c4b774) at heapam.c:1351
1351    HeapScanDesc scan = (HeapScanDesc) sscan;
(gdb) bt
#0  heap_getnextslot (sscan=0x8c4c21c, direction=ForwardScanDirection, slot=0x8c4b774) at heapam.c:1351
#1  0x082f26c2 in table_scan_getnextslot (sscan=0x8c4c21c, direction=ForwardScanDirection, slot=0x8c4b774) at ../../../src/include/access/tableam.h:875
#2  0x082f2764 in SeqNext (node=0x8c4b67c) at nodeSeqscan.c:80
#3  0x082cbb1a in ExecScanFetch (node=0x8c4b67c, accessMtd=0x82f26e7 <SeqNext>, recheckMtd=0x82f2774 <SeqRecheck>) at execScan.c:133
#4  0x082cbb9c in ExecScan (node=0x8c4b67c, accessMtd=0x82f26e7 <SeqNext>, recheckMtd=0x82f2774 <SeqRecheck>) at execScan.c:200
#5  0x082f27a7 in ExecSeqScan (pstate=0x8c4b67c) at nodeSeqscan.c:112
#6  0x082c9d5f in ExecProcNodeFirst (node=0x8c4b67c) at execProcnode.c:445
#7  0x082c10ef in ExecProcNode (node=0x8c4b67c) at ../../../src/include/executor/executor.h:239
#8  0x082c319f in ExecutePlan (estate=0x8c4b554, planstate=0x8c4b67c, use_parallel_mode=false, operation=CMD_SELECT, sendTuples=true, numberTuples=0, direction=ForwardScanDirection, 
    dest=0x8b941dc, execute_once=true) at execMain.c:1646
#9  0x082c1574 in standard_ExecutorRun (queryDesc=0x8bb3e34, direction=ForwardScanDirection, count=0, execute_once=true) at execMain.c:364
#10 0x082c1411 in ExecutorRun (queryDesc=0x8bb3e34, direction=ForwardScanDirection, count=0, execute_once=true) at execMain.c:308
#11 0x0846d38b in PortalRunSelect (portal=0x8bde6f4, forward=true, count=0, dest=0x8b941dc) at pquery.c:929
#12 0x0846d0b0 in PortalRun (portal=0x8bde6f4, count=2147483647, isTopLevel=true, run_once=true, dest=0x8b941dc, altdest=0x8b941dc, completionTag=0xbfb2d886 "") at pquery.c:770
#13 0x0846772a in exec_simple_query (query_string=0x8b922e4 "select *from t where ctid='(0,2)';") at postgres.c:1215
#14 0x0846b7e4 in PostgresMain (argc=1, argv=0x8bb7fec, dbname=0x8b8f824 "postgres", username=0x8bb7f14 "pg") at postgres.c:4236
#15 0x083db09d in BackendRun (port=0x8bb49b8) at postmaster.c:4431
#16 0x083da896 in BackendStartup (port=0x8bb49b8) at postmaster.c:4122
#17 0x083d6dff in ServerLoop () at postmaster.c:1704
#18 0x083d674d in PostmasterMain (argc=1, argv=0x8b8d808) at postmaster.c:1377
#19 0x0831d0f4 in main (argc=1, argv=0x8b8d808) at main.c:228

4)元组结构参考

https://blog.csdn.net/yanzongshuai/article/details/84195910

5)slot

a)内存中slot结构如上图所示。TupleTableSlot为存储行记录的结构。从数据页读取出记录后,会将其存储到slot中,返回上层。

b)BufferHeapTupleTableSlot结构中第一个成员为HeapTupleTableSlot,而HeapTupleTableSlot第一个成员为TupleTableSlot,为第一个成员方便进行类型强制转换。

c)将TupleTableSlot传到上层后,上层强制转换成HeapTupleTableSlot,进而解析出他的第二个成员tuple,这个tuple的结构为HeapTupleData,包括:t_len:t_data的长度,t_self:TID了,t_tableOid:所属表的OID,t_data:这个为记录头及其数据。

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